In early March 1943, the Bulgarian authorities arrested and handed over to the Germans some 4,000 Greek Jews from the Bulgarian zone of occupation. These Jews are said to have been deported to the Treblinka Camp. In the spring and summer of 1943, some 40,000 Jews from Greece were deported by German forces to Auschwitz. After Italy had surrendered to the Allies in September 1943 and Germany had moved into the formerly Italian occupation zone, some 1,800 more Greek Jews were deported to Auschwitz in 1944. (See the entry on Jewish demography for a broader perspective.)

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